Identify business models

Nature-based solutions implemented on the ground will have economic costs and benefits. To ensure they can be funded, it is important to link those costs and benefits to potential funding streams. Cities can combine various financing, policy and governance mechanisms to design, implement and manage NBS. Specific business models can also be developed to finance a nature-based solution.

Example: Business models for nature-based solutions.

Coming soon.

GrowGreen tools

Taking action to mobilise finance for creating green cities
GrowGreen

External guidance and resources
The value of green infrastructure
CNT Center for Neighborhood Technology

Valuing the Benefits, Costs and Impacts of Ecosystem-based Adaptation Measures
GIZ

Natural Capital Protocol Toolkit – to measure and value natural capital
Natural Capital Coalition/WBCSD

InVEST – valuation of environmental services and trade offs (urban version coming)
Natural Capital Project

TEEB Manual for Cities: Ecosystem Services in Urban Management
TEEB – The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity

ESAST – Ecosystem Services Assessment Support Tool
Wageningen and SYKE

The case for green infrastructure. Joint Industry White PaperThe business case for natural infrastructure
WBCSD

ENCORE (Exploring Natural Capital Opportunities, Risks and Exposure)
UN Environment, UNEP Finance Initiative, Global Canopy

GI Valuation Toolkit
Mersey Forest

Business Case
Natural Infrastructure for Business

Business Model Catalogue
Naturvation

TEEB Manual for Cities: Ecosystem Services in Urban Management
TEEB – The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity